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June 4, 2012

Partner Rape

Definition:

Sexual acts committed without a person's consent and/or against a person's will when the perpetrator is the individual’s current partner (married or not), previous partner, or co-habitator.

3 types of Partner Rape:
  1. Battering rape- The experience of both physical and sexual violence within a relationship. Some may experience physical abuse during the sexual assault. Others may experience sexual assault after a physical assault as an attempt to "make up."
  2. Force-only Rape- Motivated by a perpetrator’s need to demonstrate power and maintain control. Therefore, he/she asserts his/her feelings of entitlement over his/her partner in the form of forced sexual contact.
  3. Obsessive/Sadistic Rape- Sadistic sexual assault involves torture and perverse sexual acts. Such rape is characteristically violent and often leads to physical injury.
Emotional & Physical Reactions:


Physical:
  • Injuries to the vaginal and anal areas
  • Lacerations
  • Soreness
  • Bruising
  • Torn muscles
  • Fatigue
  • Vomiting
  • Broken bones
  • Black eyes
  • Injuries cause by weapons
  • Miscarriages
  • Stillbirths
  • Contraction of STIs , including HIV
Emotional:
  • Anxiety
  • Shock
  • Intense fear
  • Depression
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Betrayal
  • Fundamental loss of trust
Research indicates that survivors of partner rape are more likely to be raped multiple times when compared to stranger and acquaintance rape survivors. As such, partner rape survivors are more likely to suffer severe and long lasting physical and psychological injuries.

This section was adapted from materials provided by the Texas Association Against Sexual Assault.

Original Article

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